Yue Fei and Wuhan (Part 4)
6. Dunjia Village and Machang Lake
To the west of Bingcangge, there is an area that was the storage for the Yue Army’s armors and weapons. In the local Hanyang dialect, “store” and “place” are both pronounced “dun,” therefore the village nearby was called “dunjia” (“jia” means armor). Today's Dunjia Village is located at the intersection of Wulidun Street and Jiangdi Street.
To the southwest of Dunjia Village, there is a lake. Its ancient name was Eastern Hanyang Lake. At that time, the lake had several run off streams and many ponds. The lake banks were covered with grass. It was said that Yue Fei's army held drills, trained the horses and let the horses graze at the lake banks. Therefore, it was also called Machang (horse ranch) Lake or Macang Lake. Today, in the area of Wulidun Street and Jiangdi Street, there is a main road leading to Hanyang in the North and Xiama Lake to the South. That section is about two kilometers long, which is also known as Machang Lake Road.
In the 1990’s, the southeastern part of the Machang Lake were filled to create housing and a 2.5km road called Maying Road.
7. Cuiwei Ancient Well and Cuiwei Ancient Pond
At an area around Guiyuan Temple under the Cuiweifeng (Cuiwei Peak), there are quite a few places relating to Yue Fei.
Inside the temple were Cuiwei Well and Cuiwei Pond. It was said that part of Yue Fei's army used to get their water from there. The well and pond remain in good condition today. When tourists stroll around the Guiyuan Temple scenic spots, they can see this ancient well and ancient pond.
8. The Site of Dede
An ancient designation, it is situated at about 400 meters southeast of Guiyuan Temple. “A Map of Wuhan City and Townships of the Xuantong Years of the Qing Dynasty (1909 – 1912 AD),” which was both collected by the Beijing Library and the Hubei Provincial Museum marks the Site of Dede, meaning the clatter of horse-hoofs. It is said that the Site of Dede was where Yue Fei returned at night on horseback.
In May 1135, Yue Fei received orders from the imperial court to lead a northern expedition with Xiangyang City as a base. Yue Fei was fond of the scenery in Hanyang, so before leaving, he spent the night of a full moon riding on his horse from site to site to look afar at the mountains and rivers of Hanyang. When he thought of the nation in war and his own unfulfilled aspirations to reclaim the country’s mountains and rivers, he became emotional. After returning to camp, he took out a pen and wrote, “Dust from the battlefield covers my military outfit, in search of peaceful scenery, I ride onto Cuiwei. I cannot get enough of the magnificent mountains and rivers, yet I must urge the horse to return before the moon is full.”
The site of Dede and the surrounding areas were turned into a crop field by the monks of Guiyuan Temple during the Qing Dynasty until 1949. After the 1950’s, it became the Southern Pingtian Village. After the 1980’s, the region was built into the Pingtian Neighborhood.